Noise and Vibration Control

Noise and Vibration Control is a bit of a misnomer as it really should be called Vibration and Noise Control because all airborne sound is generated by vibration, whether the acoustical energy becomes airborne off the casing of a piece of equipment in the immediate area or it is vibration induced in surrounding areas because of the direct connection of equipment, or it’s systems (ie: piping, rigid ductwork and so on), to the structure at one point, exciting light weight, semi-structural materials in another area a foot or 100s of feet away.

Vibration Isolation

Vibration isolation, though simple in concept, can be quite complex in practice. The rule-of-thumb is that an isolation medium needs to have a natural frequency, under gravitational load, at least 1/3 lower than the disturbing vibration created by an energized system (Note: This is usually a Mechanical or Electrical piece of equipment but could be one of many other sources such as an aerobics class jogging-in-place in unison, as but one example). A simple belt driven fan on ‘face value’ may appear to be very straight forward but the pulley ratio between the drive (motor) and the Driven component (fan) may be something like 3:1. If one isolates for the 1800rpm of the motor, instead of the 600rpm of the fan, not only will one fail to reduce the vibration induced noise created by this fan but , in fact, run the risk of amplifying the problem due to having the isolators in resonance with one of the predominant driving frequencies of the equipment. Further, the fan assembly may have the heavy motor towards one corner, side or end of the equipment assembly and using the same capacity isolator may well exceed the rated capacity of some isolators and significantly under-load others. Though counter-intuitive, the least compressed isolator dictates the overall isolation efficiency of the isolation system and, hence, could exacerbate the situation rather than resolve it. Then again, with many projects located on or near the West Coast of Canada, Seismic Restraint codes need to be met without interfering with the day-to-day vibration isolation that has been effected. This adds, yet again, another dimension that needs to be considered in the selection of the appropriate isolation medium/product.

We, Vibra-Sonic Control, are Material/Product Specialists in the field of Noise, Vibration and Seismic Control. The President (Chris Wolfe), has over 38 years of practical experience, and our two Senior Project Co-ordinators (Tony Adamson and Lloyd Silva) each have over 15 years experience. Please follow the links on the side bar to see the many materials and products available but the Professionals (noted on our ‘Home Page’) are encouraged to call or email so that we may assist in the selection of the appropriate material/product for project-specific or remedial applications.

(NOTE: Brief explanations of the principles and use of Damping, Barriers, Acoustical Foams and Composites are provided on the associated pages linked to the left).